This draped type of dress conformed to that of other civilizations in the Mediterranean and Middle Eastern region, such as Greece, Rome, and Mesopotamia, but differed from the styles of Persia, northern India, and China, where people wore more fitted, sewn garments based upon pendant hanging in front from the waist belt and a shoulder cape or corselet partly covering their bare torso. This encased the body from the ankles to just below the breasts and was held up by decorative shoulder straps.
Woman wearing sheathlike gown held up by shoulder straps, typical of Egyptian dress of the Old and Middle Kingdoms.
Dress, also called apparel or attire, clothing and accessories for the human body. The style that a particular individual selects is often linked to that person’s sex, age, socioeconomic status, culture, geographic area, and historical era.
This article considers the chronological development of fashionable dress and decoration—that is, the attire selected and adopted by the leading members of a society.
Servants also were almost naked, as were labourers in the fields, who are depicted clad only in a loincloth. Semicircular kerchiefs, tied by the corners at the nape of the neck under the hair, were sometimes worn to protect the wig on a dusty day.
Wigs were dressed in many different ways, each characteristic of a given period; generally speaking, the hair became longer and the arrangement of curls and braids—set with beeswax—more complicated as time went on.
Foci of bright colour were provided by the deep collar and pendant apron.