They included around 50 varied bifaces accredited to the Acheulean period, some with a lustrous sheen, now held at the Museum of Lebanese Prehistory.
Henri Fleisch also found an Emireh point amongst material from the site, which has now disappeared beneath buildings.
The oldest settlement was on an island in the river that progressively silted up. This name was taken in 1934 for the archaeological journal published by the Faculty of Arts and Sciences at the American University of Beirut. Beirut was soon rebuilt on a more conventional Hellenistic plan and renamed Laodicea in Phoenicia (Greek: The modern city overlies the ancient one, and little archaeology was carried out until after the end of the civil war in 1991.
Beirut II, or Umm el Khatib, was suggested by Burkhalter to have been south of Tarik el Jedideh, where P. Gigues discovered a Copper Age flint industry at around 100 metres (328 feet) above sea level. Beirut III, Furn esh Shebbak or Plateau Tabet, was suggested to have been located on the left bank of the Beirut River. Gigues discovered a series of Neolithic flint tools on the surface along with the remains of a structure suggested to be a hut circle.
Burkhalter suggested that it was west of the Damascus road, although this determination has been criticized by Lorraine Copeland. Auguste Bergy discussed polished axes that were also found at this site, which has now completely disappeared as a result of construction and urbanization of the area.
When Justinian assembled his Pandects in the 6th century, a large part of the corpus of laws was derived from these two jurists, and in 533 Justinian recognized the school as one of the three official law schools of the empire.
After the 551 Beirut earthquake Prince Arslan bin al-Mundhir founded the Principality of Sin-el-Fil in Beirut in 759 AD.
Beirut VII, or Rivoli Cinema and Byblos Cinema sites near the Bourj in the Rue el Arz area, are two sites discovered by Lorraine Copeland and Peter Wescombe in 1964 and examined by Diana Kirkbride and Roger Saidah.